Clean water graphene breakthrough could allow millions to drink filtered seawater

Image: Clean water graphene breakthrough could allow millions to drink filtered seawater
Source: NaturalNews.com
Vicki Batts
April 12, 2017

As drought conditions continue to spread across the globe, from the 2015 drought in California that swept over 90 percent of the state to South American countries like Brazil, and even nations in Africa — it is clear that water is an ever-increasingly precious resource. Even though the Earth is approximately 70 percent water, the overwhelming majority of that water is saline and ocean-based, which means it’s undrinkable for humans. Just 2.5 percent of the earth’s water is freshwater, and even then — only 1 percent of that is readily accessible, as most of that is trapped in glaciers and snowfields.

As National Geographic explains, only about .007 percent of all the Earth’s water is available to its massive human population. This, of course, is a tremendous problem. But a new salvation could be on the horizon. Scientists have developed a special graphene sieve that stands to change the game when it comes to the world’s water crisis.

Graphene is a super-thin sheet of carbon atoms that are organized in a hexagonal lattice, and was first identified at the University of Manchester in 2002. Since then, it has been heralded as a “wonder material,” and scientists have been doing their bests to develop affordable graphene-based barriers to desalinate water on a larger scale.

And now, the team from Manchester has crafted a new device that can filter out salt using less energy. The new sieve is comprised of a graphene compound, known as graphene oxide, to create a rigid sieve that gets the job done. Dr. Rahul Nair led the University of Manchester researchers in their efforts to overcome some of the challenges posed by graphene as a water filtration system.

Graphene oxide membranes have already been shown to be able to filter out small nanoparticles, organic molecules and even large salts. But smaller, common salts were still beyond their reach. Previous research found that graphene oxide membranes would swell up when exposed to water, in turn allowing the smaller salts to pass through along with water molecules. But Dr. Nair and his colleagues have found a way to circumvent this problem. By placing epoxy resin walls on either side of the graphene oxide sieve, they were able to control the expansion and keep the salt particles from passing through. (RELATED: Find more news about scientific discoveries at Discoveries.news.)

Restricting the expansion in this way also gave the scientists the ability to fine-tune the properties of the membrane, such as adjusting how much salt was allowed to go through the sieve. As the BBC explains, when common salts dissolve in water, a “shell” of water molecules will form around the salt molecules. This actually allows the small “capillaries” in the graphene oxide membrane to then be able to stop the salt from flowing through along with the water.

“Water molecules can go through individually, but sodium chloride cannot. It always needs the help of the water molecules. The size of the shell of water around the salt is larger than the channel size, so it cannot go through,” Dr. Nair explained. And because water can flow through the graphene oxide membrane very quickly, it is ideal for water filtration.

According to Dr. Nair, the size of the holes in the membrane is very important. Keeping the capillary size at one nanometer, which is close to the size of a water molecule, forces the water to form an “interconnected arrangement like a train.” Dr. Nair says this makes the water move faster, but that this can only occur when the channel size is very tiny.

In a statement, Dr. Nair described the discovery as “a significant step forward and will open new possibilities for improving the efficiency of desalination technology.” Given that the UN has predicted at least 14 percent of the world’s population will suffer from water scarcity by 2025, this finding could really be described as more than “significant” and could potentially save lives in the near future. Clean water is essential to life, after all. Learn more at WaterFilters.news.

Read More At: NaturalNews.com

Sources:

CNN.com

BBC.com

Weather.com

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Book Review: Eat To Beat Disease – Food’s Medicinal Qualities by Catherine J. Frompovich

EBD

TheBreakAway
Zy Marquiez
August 22, 2016

Eat To Beat Disease – Food’s Medicinal Qualities by Catherine J. Frompovich is a phenomenal foray into the alternative side of health.  Specifically, the alternative side to medicinal properties of foods.

Although that statement might seem rather foreign to those who follow only mainstream health, in fact it’s not.  According to a recent article on NaturalNews, as much as 80% of the known world still uses ancient medicines made from Plants & Botanicals.  Sure, this book deals with food, but both this book and the article deal with natural medicine that the mainstream establishment doesn’t even acknowledge most of the time, if at all.

Eat To Beat Disease is a significant book that features an extensive and in-depth look into the pros and cons of many foods people have in their daily diets.

Speaking of toxins, Frompovich gets to the heart of the matter as she states:

“…there are literally thousands of toxic chemicals that legally can be – and are – placed into the food we eat, the water we drink, and the air we breathe.  Furthermore, even the U.S. Food and Drug Administration doesn’t know what some of those chemicals are thanks to the Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 loopholes!”[1][xxvi]

Such is the nature of the beast we as a society face.

In fact, Frompovich goes out of her way to show a rather intriguing, if troubling timeline of the extensive poisoning that our supply has been under for nigh 150 years [if not longer].  This is helpful because it speaks at length of the issue of our deteriorating soil and the fact that vitamins and minerals are being depleted from the soul due to the events discussed and more.

Other issues discussed by Frompovich included those with prescription drugs, the rampant rise in disease, health issues that are trending, as well as issues with intestines and bowel movements.   The author touches upon these rather saliently showing why each is vital to know about.

Probiotics/Prebiotics are also given a cursory glance, so are artificial sweeteners and their ramifications, as well as issues that revolve around sugar, which is a rather underreported topic by the mainstream establishment.   It’s quite unfortunate, because sugar is one of the biggest fuels in cancer, and most people do not know this.

In any case, Frompovich also covers foods that can help reduce pain, which was rather useful.  As someone who suffered heavily from inflammation for nigh two decades due to intestinal conditions but overcame it with diet and lifestyle changes, dealing with pain in a natural way is something greatly appreciated.

A short section, but jam-packed with info in the book is called “Which Foods Help The Body Most In Managing Certain Diseases”.  This section touches upon some of the foods that are helpful in combating issues with blood pressure, cancer, cholesterol, diabetes, heart, the immune system, and stroke.

Other health issues that Frompovich gives a fair nod to are Gallbladder [Disease & Stones], Hypothyroidism, Glaucoma & Obesity & Weight Loss.

Additionally, the book includes a chapter that touches upon HPV Vaccine Reactions and what individuals can do when implementing proper nutrition.  This might be highly helpful for individuals that have dealt with this.

Thereafter, the author covers the importance of B-Complex Vitamin, benefits of fermented foods, and also problems with genetically modified foods which are rampant these days.

Featured also in the book are countless resources that people can use to learn more information about these subjects.  This was also highly valuable given the importance of the subject.

Besides all of this, the author covers so much more.  In all fairness, a few sections of the book are not super in-depth, BUT, this is because the author is taking a broad brush approach to cover as much as possible within the arena of nutritional health.  The information provided does give enough of a launching pad for individuals to begin taking charge of their health, which is one of the premises of this book.  That fact does in no way detract from the book, it’s just something to keep note of.

One more important point.  The author – thankfully! – footnoted the book extensively, which is how ALL books should be done, at the bottom of each page, like it used to be done in olden times.

Unfortunately, newer footnoting techniques have changed extensively from how books were written centuries ago.  This in a way serves as de facto censorship of data and prevents people from accessing information by either making it harder to find, or simply not even having it in many cases.  The fact that many ebooks, if not most don’t even have footnotes speaks to this VERY issue, which is vital importance, especially for those who value knowledge and research.

Apologies for the tangent, it’s just that as a researcher its highly valuable when people footnote their sources within their book, or articles.

Eat To Beat Disease is a veritable template for the many ways individuals can employ nutrition to conquer disease.  It’s the type of book that should be discussed at length in society, and by the mainstream press, but will not any coverage due to the ramifications and the profits it would ‘steal’ from Big Pharma/Big Medica.  That fact alone should make proactive and mindful individuals weary since optimal health methods should be something to strive for, or at least discuss, and not something to overlook if not downright suppress, which is what happens more often than not.

This blacklisting is best exemplified by what took place to Dr. Brogan in her landmark book A Mind Of Your Own – The Truth About Depression.

When one keeps in mind the above constellation of facts and more, this book is invaluable and should become part of your library.

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[1] Catherine J. Frompovich, Eat To Beat Disease, pg. xxvi.

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Suggested Reading:

Food Forensics by Mike Adams [Review Here]

Startling Revelations Of The Vaccine & Drug Industry – Brandy Vaughan, Council For Vaccine Safety

In the latest interview [below] by VictoryIndependence, the founder of Council For Vaccine Safety, Brandy Vaughan, is interviewed on the dangers of vaccinations.  As a recent whistleblower coming directly from the pharmaceutical industry, Vaughan was a former employee with Merck and is now warning people of the dangers that are implicit in vaccination.

Topics discussed are:
– Details of the history of the SB277 Bill that forces parents to vaccinate their children, thus netting Big Pharma untold amounts in profits.
-Her background as a whistleblower.
– Current and upcoming vaccine schedules in comparison to other countries.
– Amish people not vaccinating and not having nigh any issues compared to folks that do.
– The importance of plumbing, sewage, sanitation and clean water in health vs. vaccinations.
– Measles, mumps being normal 30 years ago and the fact that they don’t affect you like the media claims.
1986 the Pharmaceutical Industry was granted federal immunity from prosecution from vaccine reactions.  Ask yourself why they would need to if vaccines are so safe?
– After 1986 vaccine profits skyrocketed and vaccine schedules increased largely as well.
– According to studies, Big Pharma can spend between 3x-10x more on marketing than research.
– Harvard students standing up against their professors getting paid by Big Pharma
How 40-50% of all advertising media gets comes directly from Pharmaceutical Industry, thus making it nigh impossible for reporters to question the very hand that feeds them.
– How the US is only country in the world where people take their children to the Doctor when they are healthy.
– Heavy Metal toxicity issues
– Developmental delays and disabilities [ADHD, Autism, speech delays].
Autism higher in males than females because testosterone binds to heavy metals
– Autoimmune disorders
– Neurological Issues
Vaccines not classified as drugs, which makes their regulations way more lax, when the opposite should be the case.  Bug vaccines are in fact drugs, they do have chemicals, and are being injected directly instead of ingested and they go straight to the vital organs.

Additional information can be found at: http://www.learntherisk.org/

Source: VictoryIndependence